Health and Well-Being of Church Musicians during the COVID-19 Pandemic : Experiences of Health and Work-Related Distress from Musicians of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Finland
Kuusi, Tuire; Viertiö, Satu; Helenius, Anna; Tervo-Niemelä, Kati (2022)
Kuusi, T., Viertiö, S., Helenius, A., & Tervo-Niemelä, K. (2022). Health and Well-Being of Church Musicians during the COVID-19 Pandemic—Experiences of Health and Work-Related Distress from Musicians of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Finland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(16), 9866. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19169866
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Earlier research has revealed contrasting gender results in standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for cancers and cardiovascular diseases of Finnish church musicians compared with the general population. In order to better understand the SMRs, our study examined gender differences in health and work-related experiences of church musicians with special focus on experienced stress and burnout on the one hand, and work engagement and mental well-being on the other. The data were collected by a questionnaire including both standardized measures and open-ended questions. Statistical methods (mostly χ2 tests) were used for examining gender differences in the measures, and the open-ended questions were analyzed using theory-driven content analysis. The two sets of data complemented each other. Analyses of the standardized measures showed that church musicians have more burnout and distress than the general population but the results were not gendered. However, the open-ended questions revealed clearly higher distress in females than in males. Based on the contrast between the measures and the open-ended questions, we raise the question about how well females who have distressing work can recognize the stress factors and change them, especially if distress becomes a “normal state”.